English Transcription (TED)

Matt Cutts: Try something new for 30 days

A few years ago, I felt like I was stuck in a rut. So I decided to follow in the foot steps of the great American philosopher, Morgan Spurlock and try something new for 30 days.
The idea is actually pretty simple.
Think about something you're always wanted to add to your life and try it for the next 30 days. It turns out, 30 days is just about the right amount of time to add a new habit or subtract a habit, like watching the news, from your life.
There's a few things I learned while doing these 30 day challenges. The first was instead of the months flying by, forgotten the time was much more memorable.
That was part of a challenge I did to take a picture everyday for a month. And I remember exactly where I was and what I was doing that day.
I also noticed that as I started to do more and harder 30 day challenges, my self-confidence grew.
I went from desk-dwelling computer nerd to the kind of guy who bikes to work for fun.
Even last year, I ended up hiking up Mt. Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa.
I would never have been that adventurous before I started my 30 day challenges. I also figured out that if you really want something badly enough you can do anything for 30 days.
Have you ever wanted to write a novel? Every November, tens of thousands of people try to write their own 50,000 word novel from scratch in 30 days. It turns out, all you have to do is write 1,667 words a day for a month. So I did. By the way, the secret is not go to sleep until you've written your words for the day. You might be sleep deprived, but you'll finish your novel.
Now is my book next great American novel?
No, I wrote it in a month. It's awful. But for the rest of my life.
If I meet John Hodgman at a TED party. I don't have to say, " I'm a computer scientist."
No, no if I want to I can say, "I'm a novelist."
So here's one last thing I'd like to mention. I learned that when I made small, sustainable changes, thing I could keep doing. They were more likely to stick.
There is nothing wrong with big, crazy challenges. In fact there are a ton of fun. But they're less likely to stick.
When I gave up sugar for 30 days, day 31 looked like this. So here's my question to you.
"What are you waiting for?"
I guarantee you the next 30 days are going to pass whether you like it or not. So why not think about something you have always wanted to try and give it a shot for the next 30 days.


Reading a book (alchemist)

1. What lessons does Santiago learn by working at the crystal shop? Why do you think Coelho chose crystal? What effect does the merchant say Santiago has had on him?

He had learned many things through the working. First he knew that he was working toward what it is that he wants. And he learned how to deal in crystal, and about the language without words and about omens.
Maybe the crystals is delicate things, the merchant had never left his shop to travel Mecca. It is very difficult to handle them due to weak and valuable.

2. How does Santiago and the Crystal merchant approach the possibility of expanding the shop’s business, first by building a display case and second by selling tea to customers. How is Santiago’s approach different from the shop’s owner?

There is a big different from each others. I think it is the way to approach the things. In the boy way, he try to take advantage when luck is on his side, but Merchant case, he want to leave his dream and just keep thinking because if he had done that, the reason that he is living would had left forever.

3. The author says that the biggest obstacle most people face in pursuing their Personal Legend is ,” the fear of realizing the dream for which we fought all our lives.” How does this explain the Crystal Merchant’s failure to travel to Mecca?

He just worry about that If his dream is realized, he will have no reason to go on living

4. Language is an important part of the theme of this fable. What are some of the literal and figurative languages that Santiago realize he has learned by the time he completes his year of work for the crystal merchant?

Not everyone can see his dreams come true in the same way.
Sometimes, there’s just no way to hold back the river.

5. Specific words themselves also carry deep meaning. The crystal merchant introduces Santiago to the Arabic word maktub: this word loosely translates into “it is written.” The word carries the connection that in every situation or action there is hand of fate involved. Why do you think the Crystal Merchant speaks this word when he and Santiago part ways on page 61?

The boy are forcing him to look at wealth and at horizons he has never known. And he notice that the boy’s language it would be something like “maktub” at the time.

6. The Englishman, whom Santiago meets when he joins the caravan to the Egyptian pyramids, is - like Santiago - joining the caravan as part of a quest. What is the Englishman searching for?

He is going to find alchemist who knows universal language which understood by everyone but already forgotten.

7. On p78 he says that the progress made at the crystal shop is an example of the principle of the Sole of the World. What does he mean? How does he define this? How does he connect the idea to the relationship between the caravan and the desert?

When the boy asked merchant to expand store and sell the tea with crystal, they were coming out from the boy’s heart. It is that the boy is closest to the Soul of the World.
The boy thought there are same language that can understand each others.

8. As the caravan travels, the Englishman spends his days poring over his books to learn the secrets of alchemy ; Santiago, meanwhile, throws his book away, instead opting to observe the desert and listen to the wind. Based on the conversation between Santiago and the Englishman on page 79, does it appear that the two have anything to learn from each other?

At the end of page, the Englishman said “ I’d better pay more attention to the caravan.”
And the boy said, “ I’d better read your books.”

9. As the caravan crosses the Sahara, Santiago and the Englishman each make an effort to gain new insights by practicing the other’s method of learning. When the Englishman asks Santiago what the boy learned about alchemy from reading his books, Santiago sums up his reading in a few short sentences(on page 83). What does he say he learned?

He learned that the world has a soul and many alchemists realized their Personal Legends, and wound up discovering the Soul of the World, the Philosopher’s Stone, and the Elixir of Life. And he learned that all these things are so simple that they could be written on the surface of an emerald.

10. Santiago says he believes all the things about alchemy are so simple they could be written on the surface of an emerald. The Englishman is exasperated because he believes Santiago is simple-minded and has failed to grasp the complexity of alchemy. Yet, the gypsy Santiago met in Tarifa told him, “It is the simple things in life that are the most extraordinary; only wise men are able to understand them”(15) Is the Englishman right, or is Santiago?

I think Santiago is right. We are used to thinking a thing too difficult.

11. According to the Englishman, how were the alchemists he read about changed by the years they spent “in their laboratories, observing the fire that purified the metals” (81)

They spent so much time close to the fire that gradually they gave up the vanities of the world.

12. Nearly every encounter Santiago has contains a lesson for him, if the boy is observant enough to perceive it. Read the conversation on page 84-85 between Santiago and his new friend, the camel driver. What life lesson is the camel driver trying to impact to the boy? As you read about Santiago’s response to the appearance of the oasis on the horizon, do you see evidence that Santiago has internalized the bit of wisdom offered by camel driver?

The boy know about life’s meaning from camel driver. he said life is the moment we’re living right now. He can read the present say.

Reading a book

Discussion Questions page 1 ~ 47

1. What is the name of the shepherd boy? How long has he been a shepherd? What is the name of the region in Spain where he grazes his flock?

His name is Santiago. He has been working as a shepherd for two years. And he lives the region of Andalusia.

2. What is the significance of Santiago becoming a shepherd rather than a priest, as his parents had hoped? Why did he make the choice to leave the seminary at the age of sixteen after learning to read and write? What does being a shepherd allow him to do?

Santiago would rather want knowing the world than knowing God and learning about man’s sins. He wants to see other’s land and see how people live. To become a shepherd is only possible to see.

3. As Santiago considers why he needs to keep his jacket, even though he spends most of the day carrying it around in the heat, a central theme of his hero’s journey is introduced. The jacket, therefore, is a symbol, or something that is itself but also represents something else or something deeper, in this case, a theme. What is that theme or lesson, and how does the jacket embody, or symbolize that theme?

He thought the jacket had a purpose as he had. He wants to be someone who has a purpose. First time he burdened with it’s weigh but he knew about it’s purpose that use for warmth. In this chapter, the jacket is a symbol like he know about why he leave to seminary and will be a shepherd.

4. The boy spend a lot of time reflecting on his flock; he notices that the sheep care only for food and water, and are content to make no decisions of their own, trusting him to care for them. What might the habits of these sheep symbolize? Is there any similarity between their life and the lives of the boy’s parents? How is the boy different from other?

He thought sheep was very simple animals. The only things that concerned the sheep were food and water. And they were content with just food and water. There is a similarity between their life and the lives of the boy’s parents. It is their own instincts. But Santiago was different from other. He had a plan to change his life and a dream.

5. The novel begins with the boy deciding to spend the night with his flock in an abandoned church. The church has no roof and an enormous sycamore tree has grown up where the sacristy once stood. Here he has a recurring dream for the second time. He travels to Tarifa in the hope that a gypsy woman will be able to interpret his dream and tell him what it means. Describe the dream that the boy tells the woman about and explain what she tells him it means.

He was in a field with his sheep, when a child appeared and began to play with the animals. Sometimes the sheep are afraid of strangers. But children always seem to be able to play with them without frightening them. He didn’t know how animals know the age of human beings. And the child took him by both hands and transported him to the Egyptian pyramids.
And the child told him If he came there he would find a hidden treasure. And he woke up both times. The old woman said that it’s a dream in the language of the world.

6. “Dreams are the language of God,” says the gypsy woman. What might she mean by this?

She pretended to have a solution that she can interpret.

7. In Tarifa, Santiago meets an old man while sitting on a bench in the marketplace. At first, the old man annoys him. Then the old man reveals that he knows the names of everyone is Santiago’s life, which catches Santiago’s attention. The old man says he is a king, and his mysterious knowledge supports his claim. The old man tells Santiago the book he is reading, like almost all other books, contains the world’s greatest lie. What is this lie?

When most of people lose control of what’s happening to them, their lives become controlled by fate.

8. The old man, whose name is Melchizedek, tells the boy he is from Salem. He tells Santiago that when people are young, they all know their reasons for being, but they give up too soon. He has sensed that Santiago is on the verge of trying to realize his Personal Legend. According to the old king, what is a Personal Legend?

Personal Legend is what you have always wanted to accomplish.

9. The old king tells Santiago that he often appears people’s lives just at the moment they are about to give up on their destiny. He appears in many different guises. What are some of the guises he takes?

In miner case, he had taken the form of a stone. He transformed himself into a stone that rolled up to the miner’s foot.

10. King Melchizedek tells the boy that when we are children, “everything is clear and everything is possible,” but as time passes a mysterious force convinces us to abandon our dream. Do you think is true? What are the “mysterious forces” that threaten to hold us back as we grow older? Using the terms you learned from the Hero’s Journey model, what is another way to describe these mysterious forces?

We admitted it was enough to get there. we don’t want to go far away. But mysterious force helped our spirit or will to do best.

11. Why do you think Melchizedek tells Santiago about the life of the baker? What point is he trying to get across to Santiago?

Melchizedek wants to talk the boy what is important for them than their own Personal Legends.
In baker case, he gave up his Personal Legend to become a baker.

12. What elements of the hero’s journey do you think you recognize so far in this story?

He is a guider to make it his Personal Legend.

13. After he meets Melchizedek , Santiago considers traveling to Africa to start his journey. He even goes so far as to approach a ticket window to book passage on a ship to Africa. In the hero’s journey model, Santiago is, perhaps, standing right on the Threshold of Adventure: he has to decide whether to respond to The Call, or not. At this point, we see his uncertainty when he momentarily changes his mind and decide to stay and continue being a shepherd. What makes Santiago hesitate?

He just worried about his sheep. He thought that If he left them, they would had suffer.

14. As he stands gazing across the Strait toward Africa, Santiago feels a strong wind, called the “ levanter” on his face. What does he realize that the wind symbolizes, and how does this realization help him decide to cross the Threshold and start on his journey? How do we know that Melchizedek’s advice helps him make this decision?

The wind had brought with it the dreams of man who had once left to search for the unknown, and for gold and adventure- and for the Pyramids.

15. The king tells the boy that when you really desire something” all the universe conspires in helping you to achieve it”. And he explains the principle of “favorability,” or beginner’s luck. How has Santiago benefited from beginner’s luck so far? What can we anticipate will happen at some point in his journey based on his favorable luck so far?

He sold all of his sheep to his friend who said he had always dreamed of being shepherd. He will be going smoothly due to he has a good omen.

16. What does Melchizedek give Santiago to help him on his journey, and how does he tell the boy to use the gift? In the hero’s journey model, what is the term we use to describe this sort of object given by a mentor to an initiate? Hint: this gift has symbolize meaning. Can you guess what the gift symbolizes?

He gave two stones him to use that when the boy is unable to read the omens. This gift means a key to go through to his Personal Legend.

17. Melchizedek tells Santiago the fable of oil and the spoon. Those who understand the moral of fable hold the key to happiness. Santiago believes he understands the moral of the story. What does he think the lesson of the story is?

He know that it is important to keep track on his Personal Legend with his own decision.

18. One of the first major diversions from Santiago’s journey is the theft of his money in Tangiers. How is Santiago’s money stolen? Using the terminology of the hero’s journey model, we could describe this experience as a Test/Ordeal. How does the fable of the oil and the spoon relate to this Test?

Two young man approached him on purpose. And they told him to need a camel to go Pyramids. But the boy trusted them to take his whole money. The boy thought it was a omen and the universe always conspired in his favor.
He might think that it was a Test. Compare to this Test, the fable of oil and the spoon was more realistic.

19. After he has been robbed of all his money in Tangiers, Santiago at first begins to despair and regret that he ever set out on his journey. As he gazes at the stones, however, he realizes what his mistake was in dealing with the thief who robbed him. What was his mistake, and how will need to change in order to find his treasure?

The boy trusted that man without doubt, even though the owner of the bar was trying to tell him not to trust that man.

20. What happens when Santiago asks the stones to tell him if he will find his treasure? Santiago believes this is an omen. What might it mean?

He asked the stones if he will find his treasure. After he took out one of the stones that was “yes”. Even though his pouch was a hole, stones never went out that. He believes that was an omen that he promise to make his own decision by himself.

21. Santiago realizes that he has a choice to make : he has to choose between thinking of himself as a poor victim of a thief and as an adventurer in quest of this treasure? What choice does he make, and how does this relate to the idea of Tests and Ordeals in the hero model?

He chose thinking of himself as an adventurer. He knew that what he had always wanted was just to know new place. First it came to as a Ordeals, after then it will turn out Tests.

22. How has the character of the Crystal Merchant been tricked over time into believing “the world’s greatest lie,” as Melchizedek called it?

When merchant said that it wouldn’t possible to get Egypt, he thought it was the world’s greatest lie that can control our lives by fate.

23. The Crystal Merchant tells Santiago that even if the boy worked for a year in the shop his earning wouldn’t pay for his passage across the Sahara Desert to Egypt. What does Santiago say in response to this news? How does his response confirm the omen that was revealed when he asked the stones if he would find his treasure?

Santiago felt that everything would end forever at that moment. And all the joy he had seen that morning had suddenly disappeared. He finally decided to work and buy some sheep. And he wanted to go back his home to be a shepherd.


Mediterra Restarants

Today, Id like to introduce the Mediterra Restaurant & Bar which is one of the Terra Momo Restaurant group. They have five shops all of them related to meal and bread. They have a long history. Ill tell you all about.
The co-founders, Raul Momo and Teresa Momo, opened an Italian specialty food store in 1970
s. After then they opened Teresa II in 1982 that was their first Terra Momo group. They went on to create exciting dining experiences spanning different cultures: restaurant, café, Bread Company, and the latest, a wine bar.

They have varied dining experiences- from Italian to Pan Latino to Mediterranean.

The cuisine at Terra Momo restaurants utilized natural flavors and ingredients that speak for themselves, many of which have been grown on small, local, family-run farms.

Terra Momo Group has employment opportunities. They offer a workplace full of challenge and hard work, but also a workplace full of opportunity, knowledge and development. There are management position, restaurant managers, hourly positions, servers and bartenders.

They offer gifts & specialties also. For example, if you have a Terra Momo gift card, you will go to a unique dining experience.

Last, I recommend you how to book Terra Momo. They will take reservation for regular dining up to 1 month to the calendar day in advance. Taverra & Patio tables will be 1st come 1st serve.


One year ago Today, I met a man who introduced me to Stellima in the SPA. I was interested in English at that time. When I heard about storytelling to him first time, I just thought storytelling was talking the fairy tale to the children.
When I met her, all I know changed like magic.
What is storytelling? Have you ever heard about that before?
Some people says storytelling is marketing in these days, storytelling is essential of business, storytelling is blue ocean to make money.
However I think storytelling has a power of story to enjoy each other and to share each others feeling.

Today I
ll show you what is storytelling and how we share our feeling each other.
I will tell you two stories today. One is Fox and Bear. The other is How the tiger got his stripes

Let me start one story.

Someday, Bear watched some of people fishing through the ice. It seemed to him a good way to catch fish.
The bear liked to sleep during the cold weather in winter season.
When he woke up in the spring, he was always hungry, but there was no food to eat. Snow still lay deep on the hills and ponds and lakes were still frozen over.
In the summer season it was very easy to catch fish by flipping with his hand, but how could he do this when ice covered the water?
I must learn to fish the way people do when the lakes are frozen, Bear said to himself and he began to cut a hole in the ice.
When he had finished, he tried to catch a fish by using his paw, but there were fish under the ice Bear couldnt find them.
Just then, Fox came along
What are you doing out there on the ice? he asked.
Im fishing the way people do, Bear said.
No, youre not, said Fox. People dont fish with their hands, they use a line.
I have no line, said Bear, and I dont know how to make one.
Why not use your tail? said Fox. It should make a good fishing line.
Long time ago Bear had a long tail. He twitched it this way and that.
But I dont have a hook too. he said.
Dont worry! said Fox. All you have to do is lower your tail through the hole in the ice. If then you dont need a hook. The fish will catch hold of the hair on your tail.
But Bear had still another question.
How will I know when the fish have caught onto my tail?
Your tail will begin to feel heavy then you can be sure there are lots of fish n it and to pull it out.
I see, said Bear and started to lower his tail through the hole in the ice.
Bear sat on the ice for a long time. He got colder and colder and soon his tail began to feel heavier and heavier.
I must have caught many fish by now, Bear thought, and I will pull it out and see how many fish there are.
He jumped up and gave tail a great jerk.
Aie, aie, aie cried Bear, my tail is frozen in the ice. Fox has played a trick on me.
At last bears tail was broken in two. Part of it still belonged to Bear, but most of it stayed frozen in the ice!
Some people say this is why Bear has only a short tail and why nobody ever trusts Fox!

A long time ago, when animals still had the power of speech, a white, stripeless tiger, crawled to the field where the rice grew. He saw a man sitting under a banana tree eating his lunch. Not far away stood a buffalo who was also taking a rest from his work in the field.
The tiger crawled forward on his belly, when he was just behind the buffalo he whispered.
Dont be afraid. I am not hurt you, but to seek your advice. said tiger,
For I am so curious to know. I have been watching the little man who is your master. He has no strength, no sharp sense of smell. His hands are not strong. His teeth are not sharp. You are twenty times his weight and size. I have heard that the source of mans power is something called wisdom. That is why you obey him. So tell me, what is wisdom, and where does the man get it from?
The buffalo champed slowly on his grass for a while before answering.
Beats me. I have no idea. Why dont you ask him?
The tiger didnt have sensible answer from the buffalo, and so he sprang over to the man, and said.
Have no fear little man, I have not come to here for my hunger. I am here in search of wisdom. What does it look like? Where does it come from? Will you give some of it for me?
The man wiped the sweat of fear on his head and said Wisdom is very precious. Do I have to share some of it to you?
The choice is yours, said the tiger, and he scared the man.
Well of course I will gladly share my wisdom with you. But Im afraid I have left it at home today. I must go and take it for you.
OK, lets go your home. said tiger.
No, no If you come back with me, Im afraid the villagers will take fright. Will you wait here while?
I will wait, but be sure to come back. he relpy.
The man started to walk out of the field, but he had taken only a few steps when he turned back and said:
I am troubled by thought of leaving a hungry tiger with my buffalo. Will you let me tie you to this tree while I am away taking the wisdoms"
The tiger was afraid that the man would change his mind about sharing his wisdom. He thought of great power that he would rule every creature.
And he agreed to let the man coil a lope around his body and his leg, and tie him to the trunk of the banana tree.
A little later, the man returned to the field with his three sons. Each carried armfuls of dry straw.
Here, I have kept my promise. I have brought you wisdom said the man, and he and his sons laid the straw on the ground under the tiger.
Then the man set alight to it.
Bright flames leapt up and burned the tiger. He roared with pain, until at last the fire seared through the ropes, he sprang to freedom, and bounded for the river where he soothed his burnt fur in the cooling waters.
After that time, the tiger has a black stripe where the ropes had bound him.
How do you feel about these two stories?
Every animals want to know how human being clever.
Do you think you are ugly?
Do you think you are small?
Do you think you are stupid? So what?
You will be good person and good at everything.
Because you are human being who have been had their envy.
Are you ready to be clever and good at everything what you want?

Thank you for listening my first story-telling.




Hello everyone!
How is today? It is a spring time. You can see and enjoy cherry bloosome in the street. However there is some story about bear who had a truble to get a food. Can you imagine that? Why the bear had a troble to get a food? I'd like to talk that today.

A bear had slept all winter long. He liked to sleep during the cold weather. When he just woke up, he found that there was not enough worm. He was very very hungry because he had never eatten any food during winter season. He tried to find some food, but there was little to eat.

There were still a lot of snow and ice on the ponds and lakes were still frozen over.
He thought and thought how to catch a fish on the iced lake. Suddenly he could remember that he watched people fishing through the ice last year.
"I must learn to fish the way people do when the lakes are frozen?" Bear said to himself.
And he began to cut a hole in the ice. However he couldn't handle it.
At that time, Fox came along and asked him.
" What are you doing out there on the ice?"
"I am fishing the way people do, but I don't know exactly."siad Bear.
"People don't fish with their hands, they use a line."
"I have no line," said Bear.
"Why not use your tail?" "It should make a good fishing line." said Fox.
In those days Bear had a long tail.
He twitched it this way and that and thought about what Fox had said.
"Don't I need a hook?"
"Certainly not, All you have to do is lower your tail through the hole in the ice. You don't need a hook. The fish will catch hold of the hair on your tail." sais Fox.
"You are very clever Fox, but how will I know when the fish have caught onto my tail?"
"Your tail will begin to feel heavy when the fish start to catch onto it," said Fox.
" When it feels very heavy then it is time to pull it out."
"I see," said Bear and he started to lower his tail through the hole in the ice.
"I must have caught many fish by now," Bear thought.
But he got colder and colder and sooon his tail began to feel heavier and heavier.
"I am terribly cold. I think I will pull my tail out and see how many fish there are."
He jumped up and gave his tail a great jerk.
"Aie, aie, aie" cried Bear,
"My tail is frozen in the ice. Fox has played a trick on me."
And he jumped this way and that trying to free his tail from the ice.
At last Bear gave a tremendous leap. The leap broke his tail in two!
One still belonged to Bear, the other stayed frozen in the ice!
Some people say this is why Bear has only a short stump for a tail.

How was today's story? Is it fun? Can you believe it? It is up to you.
Thank you very much. Thank you.


Make a spaghetti

In last Sunday, I made a spaghetti for my family. It's called Aglio e Olio which is a traditional Italian pasta dish. Recently, a famous TV show is named "Pasta" was finished in great success. It was a story which is based on cook's love story between chef and cook. It was going on a kitchen stage. There were many pasta dish in that TV show. After that was finished, my daughter and I decided to make a spaghetti together. We went to store to buy ingredients. She bought a whipping milk for cream spaghetti that is different from mine.
When we came back home, I found out some proper recipe on the Internet. It is very easy cooking. There is not a lot of ingredients only garlic, olive oil , pasta noodle and red paper. I sliced garlics and chopped red paper. That's all. There are a recipe for this. Just follow step by step. You can make it. Happy cooking.
  1. Put the olive oil and the garlic in a large skillet over a medium heat.
  2. When the garlic begins to change color add the parsley, red pepper flakes, and salt
  3. Stir well and remove from heat.
  4. When the pasta is cooked, return the skillet to a low heat.
  5. Drain the pasta and add it to the skillet.
  6. Toss until the pasta is well coated with sauce.
  7. Serve at once with freshly grated cheese.